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Brickfields Victorian Hackney
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The Victorian period is renowned for being the age of the railway. The first railway stations to open in the borough were in 1850, one at Hackney and one in Dalston, called Kingsland Station. Both of these Victorian stations have closed since.

The railway meant people could live further away from where they worked so people began to live in Stoke Newington, which before its railway was built in 1872 was a village surrounded by fields.

In the 1870’s another form of transport appeared, which we do not see on the streets at all anymore, the horse drawn tram. You can still see them in the London Transport Museum in Covent Garden. The trams were very noisy as the horses had iron shoes and most roads were hard. They had to pave the streets around schools and churches with wood so people could hear themselves think!

There was an enormous granary to keep all the food for the 1,200 horses that pulled the trams for the North Metropolitan Tram Company. It is still standing, its near the canal on Kingsland Road and is called Quebec Wharf. It has been converted into flats. The horses were kept in big stables at night. The stables had many floors and the horse would walk up ramps to their box. There was a stable for the tram company on Kingsland Road. It is still standing too and is also being converted into flats.

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Horse drawn tram
This photograph shows a horse drawn tram on the streets of Upper Clapton, Hackney in 1879.
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